VHF signal boosters and UHF converters
All the boosters in my collection are tube-type units. The common circuit configurations were either one or two 6J6 dual triodes in either a push-pull or cascode circuit, or a 6AK5 low-noise tetrode. A selenium rectifier almost universally provided the DC supply voltage. The challenge for the engineers was to come up with a circuit that increased the desired signal without adding noise of its own, and do it for a reasonable price. It seems that styling of the cabinets was at best a secondary consideration -- most of these little boxes are pretty plain.
My collection now numbers over 70 units, and is probably the most complete assembly of TV signal boosters anywhere, representing an estimated 90% of all models made. Much of my booster collection can be seen here in one photo in their dedicated home. It's much more crowded now, though!
See my WANTED page too!
The first commercial UHF TV station in the US, Portland Oregon's KPTV, received its license and went on the air in late 1952. The FCC had authorized the new TV channels 14 through 83 earlier that year, to relieve the crowding that was occurring as commercial television boomed in the post-war period. To receive the new channels, if any were assigned in your area, you would need a converter for your existing TV set (which of course tuned only 2 through 13). Though the TV set manufacturers were pretty quick to make built-in UHF tuners an (extra-cost) option for their sets, it wasn't until 1964 that the FCC required UHF capability in all new TVs, and 1975 before they had to be as easy to use as the VHF tuners. Add-on converter boxes were therefore the common way to get the additional channels for many years.
Here are pictures of many of the 100+ UHF converters I have in my collection. Most are tube-type, with a 6AF4 oscillator and a 1N82 (or similar) germanium diode mixer being the usual active components, plus a selenium rectifier for power. Fancier models included an output "IF" amplifier tube. By the 1960s, solid-state (transistor and tunnel-diode) models were available. Almost all are continuous tuning (no click stops for each channel), and convert the UHF channels to VHF channel 5 or 6. RF preamplifier stages are unknown to these UHF converters; the only tubes initially available that would amplify the 400-900 MHz signals were either too noisy to improve the picture, or too expensive.
UHF converter manufacturers, coming along when TV technology had pretty firmly established itself, had more time and resources to spend on styling. While none of the converters I've seen are anywhere near as stylish as radios of the 1930s, they hold their own in the diminished design environment of '50s and '60s television.
Much of my UHF Converter collection in one photo! (120K file) (It's in attic storage now.)
My UHF Converter Collection|
Alphabetical, with basic information, and an increasing number of picture links.
UHF Converter Clones|
The same models but with several different nameplates.
In addition, I occasionally have a few units that are excess to my needs, that I offer for sale.
My email address is firstname.lastname@example.org.
Updated April 10, 2012